OSHA Clarifies Position on Post-Accident Drug Testing Policies
Tags : Drug Screening
In a recently released Standard Interpretation, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) clarified its position as to whether certain types of drug testing constituted a violation of regulations prohibiting employers from discharging or discrimination against an employee for reporting a work-related injury or illness.
Previously, OSHA stated that employers could not use "drug testing (or the threat of drug testing) as a form of adverse action against employees who report injuries or illnesses." Rather, employers were limited to drug testing when there was a "reasonable possibility" that drugs or alcohol contributed to the accident or injury.
However, in the Standard Interpretation released on Oct. 11, OHSA clarified that "most instances of workplace drug testing are permissible," including:
The memorandum concluded by saying that to the extent any other interpretive documents could be construed as inconsistent with the position articulated here, this memorandum supersedes them.
Accordingly, based on OSHA's clarification and revised guidance, employers are likely permitted to implement post-accident drug testing programs, so long as they are not discriminatory in any way and are enforced consistently for all employees.
Source: The Occupation Safety and Health Administration, 10/11/2018
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